As we have seen throughout this week's lesson, there are countless GIS applications and uses throughout the government. identify, describe and provide an example of how GIS is used in the public sector. You can refer to the article "1000 GIS Applications & Uses- How GIS is changing the world" for general areas. ...[Show More]
1 year ago
Geographic Information Systems are known to have a range of uses. The backbone of the GIS systems is in data collection. A government can use the data obtained in many aspects of governance. Many legislative decisions have been influenced by GIS information. The main use is planning. A nations development relies on how well projects are planned in respect to location and benefits. GIS systems provide useful information in urban planning and strategies. Road networks could be better laid thanks to the GIS systems and mapping capabilities. When commissioning new roads and railway networks, the best routes are laid through GIS analysis platforms that take account of best routs as well as population distribution statistics to maximize on the usefulness of said roads. It has been discovered that data from GIS systems could even improve road safety by helping spot accident prone regions. Furthermore, a government could monitor growth of urban areas and distribute infrastructure accordingly when they can monitor population distribution and topography related issues (Laurini, 2014). Furthermore, the urban analysis helps align development with environment conservation. Proper waste disposal is made possible by the GIS information. With the use of analysis tools in the GIS systems, it is evident a lot of mistakes in government projects have been avoided. Even disasters could be avoided using analysis of potential dangers like landslides and volcanic action. Furthermore, in the cases where disaster happens, mitigation is made easier again thanks to GIS information which could give analysis of best routes to use and how to minimize damage by considering population distribution and other factors like water bodies distribution (Arefiev, Terleev, Badenko, 2015). This is just the use of GIS in urban planning, the list of benefits in other sectors is long. References. Laurini, R. (2014). Information systems for urban planning: a hypermedia cooperative approach. CRC Press. Arefiev, N., Terleev, V., & Badenko, V. (2015). GIS-based fuzzy method for urban planning. Procedia Engineering, 117, 39-44.
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